GW-Brunelleschi

The Great Westmen:

Architecture
FILIPPO BRUNELLESCHI
THE FATHER OF RENAISSANCE ARCHITECTURE
Italian architect, engineer, goldsmith, and sculptor
Born: 1377 Republic of Florence
Died: 15 April 1446 Republic of Florence
  Known as the father of Renaissance architecture, Brunelleschi’s seminal work led to the revival of Classical principles in architecture and shaped the landscape of Renaissance Europe. He is most famous for construction of the dome atop Florence’s Santa Maria del Fiores cathedral. It is one of the most significant architectural achievements of the entire Renaissance. And became simply known as the Duomo.

   Brunelleschi discovered, or more likely rediscovered, how the ancients employed linear perspective. He famously conducted experiments in perspective in public, notably on the entrance steps of Florence’s cathedral using mirrors, a pinhole, and canvas. In two now lost paintings of Florence’s Baptistery and urban landscape, the artist thus publicly demonstrated his ideas on linear perspective and his belief in the importance of identifying a single point of view within them. These ideas greatly influenced other Renaissance artists in both paintings and sculpture thanks to treatises then being written on the subject, which were spread around Italy and beyond.
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